Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa)
What is Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa) used for?
Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa) combines two active ingredients into one medication. It is used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, such as stiff muscles, spasms, uncontrolled shaking, difficulties with movement and other symptoms. It may also be used to treat these symptoms occurring as a result of carbon monoxide poisoning. The active ingredient levodopa is a type of drug known as a central nervous system agent, which is converted into dopamine in the brain. Low levels of dopamine are believed to cause Parkinson's disease symptoms. Carbidopa helps to prevent the breakdown of levodopa before it reaches the brain.
How should I use Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa)?
Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa) tablets should be taken by mouth, exactly as directed by your physician. Some patients may be told to take it 3 to 4 times per day, however your physician will decide the dosage required to treat your condition. Your physician may tell you to take a low dosage of this drug to begin with, which he or she may then increase. You must follow all instructions provided to you by your physician.
What are the side effects of Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa)?
Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa) may cause some side effects, such as:
In rare cases, some patients who suddenly stop taking this drug or reduce their dose may suffer from a life threatening condition known as neuroleptic malignant syndrome. You should immediately consult your physician if you notice perspiration, fever, muscle stiffness or any other more serious side effects.
Strictly follow all instructions provided to you by your physician or pharmacist while using Sinemet (Levodopa / Carbidopa). Optimum and safe dosage can differ based on the patient and the condition being treated.
As this medication may be unsafe for certain patients, it is essential you always inform your physician if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as if you have any allergies, other illnesses, or ongoing health conditions, and if you are taking any other form of medication, supplements, or herbal products.
Immediately seek emergency medical care if you have any allergic or hypersensitive reaction. Common signs of a reaction include hives, swelling, skin rashes, chest pains, as well as trouble breathing or swallowing.